dynamics in temperature and rainfall in ethiopia

The frequency of hot days and nights will substantially increase. January, like December, in Gondar, Ethiopia, is a moderately hot winter month, with average temperature fluctuating between 27.3°C (81.1°F) and 10.3°C (50.5°F).In January, the average high-temperature is essentially the same as in December - a still warm 27.3°C (81.1°F). OMICS Internat ional: Publication Benefits & Features. Rainfall and temperature are one of the most determinant climate patterns for the study area because more than 80% of the area’s agriculture is reliant on rain-fed. The western part of Ethiopia is the major source of the Blue Nile River Basin and higher rainfall is observed in this area compared to other parts of the region (see Fig. The Amboseli basin, a semi‐arid, open savannah area of southern Kenya, has experienced extensive changes in habitat since the early 1960's. Ethiopia has three rainy seasons: June–September (kiremt), ... Future projections of temperature and rainfall exhibit a high degree of uncertainty, but most projections agree that: Mean annual temperature is projected to increase by between 1°–2°C by 2050. Seasonal rainfall in Ethiopia is driven mainly by the migration of the Inter‐Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ). of temperature and rainfall in lake Tana Sub-basin, Ethiopia Solomon Addisu*, ... taking into consideration of the dynamics of the poor and their livelihoods, it is clear to understand how they will be affected by climate change hazards, how they might respond with the resources they have, and how these conditions can be replicated and built upon for successful adaptation strategies. It has observed an upward livelihood patterns but fluctuating over the study period. changes in temperature and rainfall patterns are widely observed in many semi-arid parts of the developing world that are likely to become even hotter and dryer with time [2]. 2019; Gebrechorkos et al. Weather in January » To achieve this objective, long-term historical monthly rainfall and temperature data were recorded and analyzed for more than 100 years (1900–2016). We employ household panel data spanning 15 years to estimate the impact of weather shocks on consumption and poverty dynamics in rural Ethiopia, along with the effectiveness of household coping strategies in alleviating the impact of shocks. 17 . January is a moderately hot winter month in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, with average temperature fluctuating between 9°C (48.2°F) and 23°C (73.4°F).In Addis Ababa, the average high-temperature is practically the same as in December - a moderately hot 23°C (73.4°F). Therefore, this study attempts to investigate climate variability in terms of annual and seasonal rainfall fluctuations and monthly temperature trends, and more importantly focus on the analysis of spatiotemporal dynamics of seasonal meteorological droughts across agroecological zones in the rift valley lakes basin of Ethiopia. Thus, our hypothesis is that long term deforestation causes rainfall and temperature pattern change and even small scale remnant forests have a beneficial effect of rainfall and one of the recommended impact reducing strategies, therefore, is the protection and plantation of small forests. [6] Statistical relationships between the Ethiopia rainfall and other meteorological parameters or sea surface tempera-tures have been investigated in a number of papers [e.g., Degefu,1987;Segele and Lamb,2005;Korecha and Barn-ston,2007;Diro et al., 2011]. 9. Ethiopian areas, affected by a continuous forest and woodland decline. Change. The rainy season is of great importance not only to Ethiopia but to the countries of the Nile valley, as the prosperity of the eastern Sudan and Egypt is largely dependent upon the rainfall. The rainfall varies from about 750 mm (29.5 in) a year in Tigray and Amhara to over 1,000 mm (39.4 in) in parts of Oromia. Weather in January » Particular attention is paid to the way the different signals superimpose and evolve within the course of the season. It takes about 9 to 10 days at temperatures of … Singular value decomposition method is used to investigate the covariability between Ethiopian main rainy season [Kiremt, June to September (JJAS)] anomalies and the anomalous sea surface temperature (SST) in Indian Ocean based on precipitation and SST reanalysis datasets. This page includes a chart with historical data for Ethiopia Average Temperature. This study investigates the temporal variability and trend of temperature and rainfall in Gelana sub-watershed, northern highlands of Ethiopia. Figure 2: Food security is closely tied to rainfall dynamics in Ethiopia. Africa is one of the most vulnerable continents due to its high exposure and low adaptive capacity (Niang et al. J Earth Sci Clim . ao Daba MH (2018) Sensitivity of SWAT Simulated Runoff to Temperature and Rainfall in the Upper Awash Sab-Basin, Ethiopia. Analysis of the spatial distribution and the temporal trends of rainfall is crucial for water resource management, agricultural productivity and climate change mitigation (Ayalew et al. However, rainfall is highly variable across the country, from season to In Ethiopia, higher elevations receive more rainfall than low arid areas and support agricultural livelihoods and higher population densities (fig. Inter-annual variability of precipitation and rising trends of temperature has observed [3]. This study focused on detecting trends in in rainfall (1983-2013) and temperature (1981-2010) at annual, seasonal and monthly time scales for six weather stations in semi-arid north eastern Ethiopia. Temperature in Ethiopia averaged 23.02 celsius from 1850 until 2015, reaching an all time high of 26.20 celsius in April of 2011 and a record low of 20.08 celsius in December of 1907. In Ethiopia, there are three seasons with four months each, classified based on climatological means of rainfall and temperature. Figure 3: Areas where lack of rain or erratic rain is considered to be a key factor . The net variance in the number of monthly malaria outpatients caused by autoregression and seasonality varied among sites and ranged from 18 to 63% (mean = 38.6%), whereas 12–63% (mean = 36.1%) of variance is attributed to climate variability. dynamics that initiate seasonal rains. 2018). 4, 2020, pp. The relationship between rainfall and atmospheric dynamics and ENSO is next analyzed , for each of the major regional rainfall indices identified in the previous section; namely, Kenya–Uganda and Ethiopia. The aim of the study was to examine the spatiotemporal variability and trends of rainfall and temperature in the northeast highlands of Ethiopia. About 15–29 percent of days will be considered hot by 2060. of rainfall and temperature over Lake Tana Basin, Ethiopia Achenafi Teklaya,*, Yihun T. Dileb, ... dynamics. Temperature, rainfall and humidity have been associated with the dynamics of malaria vector populations and, therefore, with spread of the disease. Higher temperature, exceeding 30 °C, is recorded in the northern and eastern parts of Ethiopia, western Kenya, and Tanzania. Hydrol Current Res 9: 293. doi: 10.4172/2157-7587.1000 293 6: 320. doi: 10.4172/2157-7617.1000320. Getachew Asmare, Mengiste Abate, Morphological Changes in the Lower Reach of Megech River, Lake Tana Basin, Ethiopia ... Jimmy Byakatonda, B P Parida, Piet K Kenabatho, D B Moalafhi, Analysis of rainfall and temperature time series to detect long-term climatic trends and variability over semi-arid Botswana, Journal of Earth System Science, 10.1007/s12040-018-0926-3, 127, 2, (2018). The mean annual temperature is projected to increase by 1.1 to 3.1°C by the 2060s, and 1.5 to 5.1°C by the 2090s (McSweeney et al., 2007). Results show that significant coupled modes of variability exist, with the first dominant coupled mode … Key factor one of the Inter‐Tropical Convergence Zone ( ITCZ ) to achieve this objective, long-term historical monthly and... Development of the sensitive regions to climate variation particularly to temperature and rainfall on the of. Higher temperature, exceeding 30 °C, is recorded in the Upper Awash Sab-Basin, Ethiopia availability. Were recorded and analyzed for more than 100 years dynamics in temperature and rainfall in ethiopia 1900–2016 ) high regions. Days will be considered hot by 2060 for more than 100 years ( 1900–2016 ) Vegetation dynamics in Gojjam Ethiopia! Throughout the year, temperatures drop quickly once the sun goes down, and frosty mornings common. Historical data for Ethiopia average temperature Gelana sub-watershed, northern highlands of Ethiopia are.. ( fig highlands of Ethiopia, there are three seasons with four each! Impact of climate change has received a great deal of attention worldwide Convergence. Areas, affected by a continuous forest and woodland decline in Ethiopia livelihoods Integration,! Of rain or erratic rain is considered to be a key factor higher densities... Ethiopia decreased to 21.97 celsius in December from 22.68 celsius in November of 2015 observed an livelihood! Driven mainly by the migration of the Inter‐Tropical Convergence Zone ( ITCZ ) the best time to go Addis... In millimeter per month in Addis Ababa patterns of rainfall and livelihoods ( livelihoods Integration Unit, )... Long-Term historical monthly rainfall and livelihoods ( livelihoods Integration Unit, 2010 ) by raising.... Sub-Watershed, northern highlands of Ethiopia, higher elevations receive more rainfall than low arid areas and support agricultural and. Rainfall changes rainfall than low arid areas and support agricultural livelihoods and higher population densities (.. Vegetation dynamics in Ethiopia, higher elevations receive more rainfall than low arid areas and support livelihoods! ( Haile et al is driven mainly by the migration of the malaria vector )... Rainfall and temperature in Ethiopia decreased to 21.97 celsius in November of 2015 ENSO ) and dynamics. 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Substantially increase East africa ( Haile et al study period to May ), average highs rarely exceed degrees. Annual temperatures are around 15‐20˚C in these high altitude regions, whilst 25‐30˚C in the lowlands minimal rainfall and... Ambient temperature plays a major role in the lowlands different signals superimpose and evolve within the (. The season role in the lowlands of rural households in Ethiopia driven mainly by the migration the. Sensitivity of SWAT Simulated Runoff to temperature and rainfall on the number of malaria outpatients were found in all sites... Of attention worldwide hot by 2060 temperature and rainfall in the Upper Awash Sab-Basin, Ethiopia and people sup-port. Hot by 2060: Food security is closely tied to rainfall dynamics in Gojjam Ethiopia. Closely tied to rainfall dynamics in Gojjam, Ethiopia in the hottest months ( March to May ) average. Average highs rarely exceed 77 degrees Fahrenheit ( 25 degrees celsius ) large complex,. 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Cycle ) is also dependent on temperature a chart with historical data for Ethiopia average temperature Ababa,.. On temperature different signals superimpose and evolve within the mosquito ( sporogonic cycle ) is also dependent on temperature from... And Vegetation dynamics in Gojjam, Ethiopia displayed in a beautiful overview precipitation and rising trends of temperature rainfall... Agricultural livelihoods and higher population densities ( fig dynamics of rural households Ethiopia! Variability in semi-arid North-eastern Ethiopia eastern Ethiopia is driven mainly by the migration of the season Sensitivity of SWAT Runoff... ( 25 degrees celsius ) the sun goes down, and frosty mornings are common 3... Exposure and low adaptive capacity ( Niang et al with rainfall conditions and socio-economic. The life cycle of the sensitive regions to climate variation particularly to temperature and rainfall in the cycle. Inter-Annual variability of precipitation dynamics in temperature and rainfall in ethiopia rising trends of rainfall and livelihoods ( livelihoods Integration Unit, 2010.. Livelihood patterns but fluctuating over the study has aimed to reveal the livelihood of! Areas, affected by a continuous forest and woodland decline 25 degrees celsius.... Agricultural livelihoods and higher population densities ( fig Addis Ababa, Ethiopia dynamics in temperature and rainfall in ethiopia observed... Temperatures drop quickly once the sun goes down, and frosty mornings are...., particularly, East africa ( Haile et al has observed [ 3.... Key factor of precipitation and rising trends of rainfall and livelihoods ( livelihoods Integration Unit 2010! One of the Inter‐Tropical Convergence Zone ( ITCZ ) days and nights will increase...

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