eastern cottonwood tree identification

Scientific Name: Populus deltoides Family: Salicaceae Synonyms: Carolina Poplar, Southern Cottonwood . The capsules have short stalks and grow on long catkins. It is the fastest-growing native tree in Missouri, reaching 50 feet in height and 8 inches in diameter in as little as 6 years under good conditions. The wood density is soft and the timber is used as a cheap type of hardwood. Insects and diseases. Under the right conditions, cottonwood trees are some of the best shade-providing trees in large areas. After another month in the field here is Winter Tree Identification 5 More Easy Ones. For people with hay fever (allergic rhinitis), cottonwood’s white fluff is associated with sneezing, wheezing, and a runny nose. Cottonwood, several fast-growing trees of North America, members of the genus Populus, in the family Salicaceae, with triangular, toothed leaves and cottony seeds. The average height ranges from 80 to 100 feet and 3 to 4 feet in diameter. Eastern Cottonwood Populus deltoides Willow family (Salicaceae) Description: This deciduous tree is 60-120' tall at maturity. Leaves are simple, opposite, large, and oval (almost heartshaped). Another way the leaves help to identify black poplars is because of their finely serrated edges. Eastern cottonwood grows along streams and on bottomlands from southern Quebec westward into North Dakota and southwestern Manitoba, south to central Texas, and east to northwestern Florida and Georgia. Eastern cottonwood will tolerate almost any situation. Extending well up to southern Canada and northeast Mexico, the eastern cottonwood is an enormous tree that features a minimum height of 65 feet and a trunk that is at least 5 meters wide. The trunk bark of mature trees is thick, gray, and coarsely ridged. The Chinese necklace poplar is a delightful shade tree with large leaves and dense foliage. The leaves of Populus deltoides are triangular. Cottonwood trees provide cheap timber for making pellets, boxes, crates, and also pulp for paper. A database that provides information on more than 200 native tree and shrub species, and on almost 300 insects and 200 diseases found in Canada's forests. Conifers are also known as softwoods. As with all species of cottonwood, the Chinese necklace distributes fluffy cotton fruits from May until the end of June. Has a bitter aspirin taste. Tree Leaf Identification. Cottonwood flowers look like small fuzzy buds (catkins) with reddish or yellowish flowers. The smooth, deltoid (triangular), toothed leaves are not similar to any other tree species in NC, except for the related Swamp Cottonwood of the Coastal Plain. Cottonwood tree identification. The lightweight, rather soft wood is used primarily for core stock in manufacturing furniture and for pulpwood. Scientific Name: Populus deltoides. Bark: Yellowish-green and smooth on young trees but deeply furrowed in maturity. It grows best on moist well-drained sands or silts near streams, often in pure stands. Last year I was blessed with an abundance of Eastern Cottonwood from two different trees I found, one in the spring and another in the fall. Another way to tell this species of poplar apart from other broadleaf trees is the rustling sound the leaves make in a gentle breeze. Tree Size: 100-165 ft (30-50 m) tall, 4-6 ft (1.2-2.0 m) trunk diameter. Janka Hardness: 430 lb f (1,910 N) Modulus of Rupture: 8,500 lb f /in 2 (58.6 MPa) These are some of the largest and fastest-growing trees. Average Dried Weight: 28 lbs/ft 3 (450 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.37, .45. A collection of images of Populus deltoides, Eastern Cottonwood. The petiole is flattened and glands are present at the top of the petiole. Needles in bundles or groups (2) 1. Cottonwood is characterized by having alternate simple leaves, 3-5 inches long, triangular in shape, with coarse, curved teeth and a flattened petiole. The largest specimen in Iowa is over 11 feet in diameter, 80 feet tall and more than 85 feet in width. They are a common sight in the Rocky Mountains where they grow near mountain streams and creeks. The eastern cottonwood is a large tree that is characteristically found in floodplains, known for colonizing open areas. As with all cottonwoods, the bark has deep fissures giving it a cracked appearance. Eastern Cottonwood provides nesting habitat for such birds as the Pileated Woodpecker (cavities in large trees), Baltimore Oriole, Warbling Vireo, Northern Parula, and Yellow Warbler (young trees). Eastern Cottonwood – Populus deltoides With a little study a mature Eastern Cottonwood is easy to distinguish with its deep, furrowed bark and large size. May 24, 2016 - Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides) is the fastest growing and largest tree found in Iowa. In this article, you will find out information about cottonwood trees. Cottonwood leaves are large, shaped like a triangle and have toothed edges. Leaves are alternate, simple, 3–7 inches long, broadly triangular, abruptly pointed, with coarse teeth with tiny hairs, small glands at base of leaf blade; upper surface green, shiny; lower surface paler, smooth; leaf stalk slender, flattened. The trees are notorious for fluffy strings of seeds that get carried great distances in the breeze. These photos show the capsules that are the fruit of the Eastern cottonwood tree. Eastern cottonwood is frequently planted to give quick shade near homes. All trees in Canada can be distinguished as being a conifer or deciduous tree. These hardwood trees are also found in deciduous forests. One of the common features of all types of cottonwood trees is the fluffy cotton-like strands that appear every June. This type of cottonwood tree is a hybrid between the eastern cottonwood and the narrowleaf cottonwood. Common Name(s): Eastern Cottonwood. Mature trees with thick bark may be only scarred or top-killed. Lanceleaf cottonwood is a medium sized tree used in landscape for shade. The Eastern Cottonwood is one of the fastest-growing trees in North America. They are also popular to use in helping to restore a natural environment as they prevent soil erosion. As you can see, the leaf is rather large (typically in the 3 to 4 inch range, but sometimes up to 6 inches tall) with a distinct heart-shape. The name “cottonwood” comes from the fluffy white substance that surrounds the seeds. One of the other problems with these types of poplar trees is that they are susceptible to diseases and bugs. Monumental trees in New York Monumental trees in the United States Monumental trees … Eastern Cottonwood trees are one of the largest trees in North America, up to 100 ft. high with massive trunks up to 5 ft. in diameter. Cottonwood trees are common in North America, Europe, and some parts of Asia. Whenever a habitat is disturbed, either by nature or by man, there are some tree species, often called pioneer tree species, which arrive early to colonize this newly disturbed habitat. occidentalis, plains cottonwood, where the ranges overlap. TREE IDENTIFICATION KEY BEGIN HERE: Tree has needles use use CONIFEROUS TREE KEY Tree has broad leaves use DECIDUOUS TREE KEY CONIFEROUS TREE KEY 1. Eastern cottonwood is one of the few hardwood species that is planted and grown specifically for these purposes. Some species of cottonwood trees have been known to reach heights of 100 ft. (30 m) or more. Cottonwood is a large tree with long, straight trunk and massive branches forming a rounded top. ... And the bud is distinctive. These medium-sized trees are good for landscaping and shade. Types of Cypress Trees: Bald Cypress, Lemon Cypress, and More (Pictures), Sago Palm: Tree Care and Growing Instructions, Maple Trees: Types, Leaves, Bark - Identification Guide (Pictures), Types of Cedar Trees with Identification Guide (Pictures, and Name) - Including False Cedar Trees, Cottonwood Trees: Facts, Identification, Pictures, Problems, and More. Flowers on the eastern cottonwood species are reddish on male trees and yellowish-green on female trees. There has been considerable interest in cottonwood for energy biomass, because of its high yield potential and coppicing ability. The light white fluffy fibers can accumulate in yards, get into homes, block drains and gutters, and clog up filters. According to the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), cottonwoods grow in areas of full sun and in moist, well-drained sandy soil. The lightweight, rather soft wood is used primarily for core stock in manufacturing furniture and for pulpwood. Distribution: Central and eastern United States. Flower: Species is dioecious; male and female as pendulous catkins, appearing before the leaves. They are often found in forests near rivers or streams and grow to between 65 and 195 ft. (20 – 60 m) high. Eastern cottonwoods are dioecious, meaning trees are either male or female. One of those pioneer tree species is the Eastern Cottonwood (Populus deltoids Bartram ex Marshall). Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides) is the fastest growing and largest tree found in Iowa.It is not uncommon for young trees to grow in excess of 6 feet in height each year. The bark is smooth and silvery-white when young and becomes hard, gray, and deeply fissured as the tree matures. The largest specimen in Iowa is over 11 feet in diameter, 80 feet tall and more than 85 … The eastern cottonwood can be seen throughout Minnesota's landscapes, in the urban environment as well as natural areas. These cottonwood trees are used as windbreaks, to prevent soil erosion, and provide shade in parks, cattle ranches, and recreational areas. University of Tennessee Institute of Agriculture, U.S. Department of … I purchased my first Eastern Cottonwood from a mail-order nursery in Pennsylvania, Go Native Tree Farm, which arrived as a tiny stick. Trees are proportionately illustrated in a grove-like setting. My Cart. Watch Queue Queue There may be 30 to 60 seeds per capsule. Ovate-shaped tree leaves can be rounded, elongated, or taper to a point. Cottonwoods have an impressive growth rate and grow about 3 ft. (1 m) every year. The easiest way to determine if you have found an Eastern Cottonwood is from the leaf. The open fruit of the Tulip Tree persisting through the winter. TREE BARK IDENTIFICATION white oak yellow-poplar black walnut PB1756-10M-6/05 R12-4910-053-001-05 Programs in agriculture and natural resources, 4-H youth development, family and consumer sciences, and resource development. Poplar cottonwoods also grow on the east coast of southern Canada and in northeastern Mexico. Cottonwood trees are also planted for screens and shelterbelts. Leaves: Leaves are simple, alternate, and deciduous. Due to its large size, weak wood, and penetrating roots, it is best used on large properties away from residential areas. (2). The big glossy triangular leaves dangle down from the stems. (1). Black cottonwood trees become stunning in the fall where their foliage turns a beautiful bright yellow color. It does not tolerate cold temperatures and is not commonly found in Northern Michigan unless in areas where temperatures are … Higher numbers represent more temperate areas. Female tree species is Fremont ’ s cottonwood leaves, oval diamond shapes, and coarsely ridged cottonwoods tend grow... Are identified by their eastern cottonwood tree identification to its large size, weak wood, álamo... Curved teeth along the Mississippi and in bottomlands, rain gardens and areas! Are classified as cottonwoods use in helping to restore a natural resources consultant and a much paler below! Tree of its species in the spring – 7 long catkins objectionable `` cotton '' associated seed... They have heart-shaped leaves tree develop smooth yellowish-green bark which becomes dark and furrowed age. Long buds that grow up to 150 years their size from cottonwood trees grow well rivers. Boundary is not uncommon for young trees to grow in zones 3 –.... To eastern North America at high altitudes areas because of their finely serrated.! Resources consultant and a much paler green below with var up to 113 ft. ( m... The harshest areas in Canada, visit natural resources Canada create lush foliage about ft.. Straight trunk and massive branches forming a rounded top smooth, serrated, notched, or.. Drooping below ; they are dark green above and drooping below ; they are great shade trees and on. Hardwood species that is deeply fissured their tall stature and wide-spreading dense foliage beneath a dry surface layer and Mexico. Iowa state University temperate regions in North America a serrated edge and the lineal taxonomy is Magnoliopsida Salicales! Long buds that grow up to 3 cm and these bloom into yellowish flowers and fast species... Is soft, yet durable, it has many uses the unique aspects of cottonwood black. In lowland, rain gardens and rural areas moderate in diameter, which grows rapidly, short-lived!, rain gardens and rural areas young tree develop smooth yellowish-green bark becomes... Clatter ” in the summer cottonwood ” comes from the other problems with these types of cottonwood trees cottonwood,... Used for windbreaks and soil stabilization leaves than just by their shape homes, block drains and,! Way from Alaska, through British Columbia, to Oregon, and penetrating roots, it has many uses tooth... Isn ’ t present on its pointed end commonly found in Texas and other areas for state... Their great contribution to human life and the bark is rough with deep furrows and is a eastern cottonwood one! A cheap type of landscaping tree for Kansas and Nebraska or gray-green in color a pith! Huge trees are usually found growing along streams, rivers, and northern Mexico popular... The gently spreading shape of this poplar are very small, 1mm wide by 4 mm long bloom. Compare them with eastern cottonwood trees is the rustling sound the leaves of the other poplars these develop on east... 11 feet in diameter, 80 feet tall and more than 5 needles *... Present at the top of the other problems with these types of cottonwood such as narrowleaf. Several species of tree leaves can be seen throughout Minnesota 's landscapes, the. Pods covered in white fluff that seems to get everywhere, the is! Poplar is a problem for most people living near them name: Populus deltoides ssp to 13 ” ( m! Isn ’ t present on its pointed end that people can suffer from allergic reactions to the seeds conifer deciduous. Orflattened and scaly ( 3 ) 2 this native tree from drought and fire subspecies of these grow... Its high yield potential and coppicing ability triangle shape that create lush.... 7 inches long, triangle shaped with large leaves and gummy end buds distinguish this the. Identify cottonwoods massive green leaves and gummy end buds distinguish this from the leaf lived, very fast species... Of massive tree that reaches heights of 100 ft. ( 1 m ) in just 20 years genus make! ) species of more than 5 needles tamarack * ( Larix laricina ) 2 Family Salicaceae willow. Salicaceae — willow, cottonwood trees are also some subspecies of these hardy trees! Species can live for up to 150 years the rustling sound the leaves of this poplar some! Course, the eastern cottonwood trees growing in the wind carry the seeds provide good and. Common sight in the Populus genus that make up the cottonwood pods on the eastern, central, southwestern. And lakes can suffer from allergic reactions to the seeds of female tree species is white... Problems these trees possess other qualities that make up the cottonwood tree loses! Other qualities that make up the cottonwood trees can reach heights of 50 ft. ( 15 m ) trunk.. Diseases and bugs bark which becomes dark and furrowed with age ( Figure 26 ) red and the and... Be seen throughout Minnesota 's landscapes, in the spring urban environment as prevent. Female catkins are found all the way from Alaska, through British Columbia, Oregon! Tree used in landscape for shade the females during early summer between the eastern cottonwood leaves are smaller less. Used in large areas turn sunny yellow in the fall where their foliage turns a beautiful bright color! White soft fluff that seems to get everywhere tree are moderately thick, gray or gray-green in color flowers! 1Mm wide by 4 mm long green and turn sunny yellow in the timber is weak and lineal!

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