agro climatic zone of ethiopia pdf

The study found that a percent decline in precipitation has a larger effect on the economy as compared to a corresponding increase in temperature. An agro-climatic zone is a land unit uniform in respect of climate and length of growing period (LGP) which is climatically suitable for a large range of crops and cultivators. intercropping. Ethiopia Weather & Climate Zones of . A total of 330 questionnaire surveys were collected from 44 peasant associations (PA) distributed in 15 districts. An Agro-ecological Cell (AEC) is defined by a unique combination of landform, soil and climatic characterist. 1057-1064. N.H. BatjesISRIC-WISE Derived Soil Properties on a 5 by 5 Arc-minutes Global Grid. This report was prepared as part of the efforts to assess the potential for AWM solutions at national level. The AEC is the basic processing unit for physical analysis in an AEZ study. The variability was analyzed considering mean annual rainfall (MARF, mm), mean daily minimum temperature (MDMinT, °C), and mean daily maximum temperature (MDMaxT, °C). The objective of the study was to analyze the variability of various climate indicators across the agro-climatic zones (ACZs) of the Jema watershed. 2Embrapa Swine and Poultry, P. O. Agric. A region can be divided into agro-climatic zones (CZs) ... L. StroosnijderA new agro-climatic classification for crop suitability zoning in northern semi-arid Ethiopia. The Indian union fruit growing zones are based on the climatic factors. Measured data on climate and weather in Ethiopia are scarce, as there are very few weather stations. Risk factors that showed significant effect in the univariate logistic regression were … An analytical examination was done to work out the unevenness in point location and time to time variability in rainfall at Coimbatore and Erode district of Western agro climatic zone of Tamil Nadu (India) for 100 years (1916-2015). The modification of the local climate is possible to a limited extent e.g. The annual LGP is not more than 90 days. ˘ˇ˛ˇ ˆ˚ ˜ ! ndIt is the 2 largest prospective cotton production region in Ethiopia Location: the region is located in the East & South-East of Ethiopia and shares borders with Somalia, Kenya, and Djibouti Population: 4.7 million in Somali Region and 457, 086 in Sitti Zone. A cross-sectional study based on a questionnaire survey was conducted to determine the distribution of lumpy skin disease (LSD) and associated risk factors in three main agro-climatic zones of Ethiopia. For instance, soil type, temperature, topography, cropping and farming system and water resources. In northern Ethiopia, in the Afar Region (the zone 3 on the map), the climate is desert and hot throughout the year. Zone Planning and Economic Development Department (NSPEDD, 2001) reveals that the elevation of the study area ranges between 800 and 2,500 meters above sea level. The agro-ecological zones in Ethiopia are defined on the basis of temperature and moisture regimes (MoA 1998). INTRODUCTION Lumpy skin disease (LSD) is one of the most serious poxvirus diseases of cattle caused by lumpy skin dis-ease virus (LSDV) within the genus Capripoxvirus. These zones are tropical, Sub-tropical, temperate and arid zone. • Due to the influence of various factors such as topography, climate, etc the country has many soil types, of which Nitosol, Vertisol, Fluvisol and Cambisol, are the most dominant ones. This covers only 15-20 per cent of the annual PET demand which is 1500-2000 mm. Rainfall Variability across the Agro-Climatic Zones of a Tropical Highland: The Case of the Jema Watershed, Northwestern Ethiopia Mintesinot Taye 1,* , Belay Simane 2, Benjamin F. Zaitchik 3, Yihenew G. Selassie 4 and Shimelis Setegn 5 1 Institute of Disaster Risk Management and Food Security Studies, Bahir Dar University, P. O. The indices are applied to daily temperature and precipitation data. Portfolios of practices and technologies are Thus interventions need to be targeted to specific contexts. Ethiopia has diverse agro-ecologies, which enable the production of a variety of crops and livestock. Agro-ecological zones and soils • three major agro-ecological regions which are primarily based on rainfall characteristics but also incorporate soils and other climatic characteristics –Regions I:Semi-arid includes southern, eastern and western areas. agro-climatic zones Zemelak Goraga1*, Cassio Wilbert2 and Luizinho Caron2 1Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research at DZARC, P. O. The study aims to assess trends in extremes of surface temperature and precipitation through the application of the World Meteorological Organization’s (WMO) Expert Team on Climate Change Detection and Indices (ETCCDI) on datasets representing three agroecological zones in Southern Ethiopia. These agro-climatic regions are delineated on the bases of agro-climatic features. 1 ˝4 . from 11 of the country’s 18 agro-ecological zones, representing more than 74 percent of the country, and surveyed 1,000 farmers from 50 districts. highland agro-climatic zones (0.68%). It includes several basic environmental factors such as temperature, rainfall, humidity and light. A one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was employed to test whether … According to the Ministry of Agriculture (1998), Ethiopia has 18 main agro-ecological zones. Oromia is mainly characterized by the diversity in altitude occupying climate and ecological variation generally western oromia is characterized Crop yield is (FAO, 1983). The region has aridic soil moisture and hyperthermic soil temperature regimes. successful climate change adaptation in farming, livestock and fisheries. Key words: Agro-climatic zone, Ethiopia, logistic regression, lumpy skin disease, risk factor. Odds ratio indicated that animals in the lowlands were 9.4 times more likely to be seroposi-tive to brucellosis than those in the highland agro-climatic zone (Table 2). The superimposition of these map layers, viz., altitude zonation map, cropping land use map, productivity map and PT Index map resulted in the delineation of fourteen zones (five-climatic zones and nine agro-climatic zones). Different and the same crops grow in these agro-ecologies (not specific) 4. The statistics related to state-wise agro-ecosystems cropping pattern for 1998-99 and cropping pattern according to land utilization are provided. Decision support to match practices and technologies with agro-ecological zones is a priority. Ethiopia is a country of great geophysical and biological diversity. The quantification of agroclimatic resources has been used to delineate agrtoclimatic zones. Wollega zone stratified into three agro ecological zones based on agro-climatic conditions namely: low land 56.4% (1200-1799 m), mid land 28.2% (1800 -2450 m), and high land 15.4% (2460-3178 m) [13]. The only marketed products were butter (65.91%), “ayib” (17.14%) and fresh milk (1.88%). • On the bases of the above, the country has 32 major agro-ecological zones. Farmers’ perceptions and matching climate records jointly explain adaptation responses in four communities around Lake Tana, Ethiopia András Darabant, et al. The planning aims at scientific management of regional resources to meet the food, fiber, fodder and fuel wood without adversely affecting the status of natural resources and environment. India has a diverse agro-climate, topography and soil types on the basis of which it has been categorized into various regions. Climate is one of the important complex factors which influence the fruit production. Lowland (40) representing agro-climate of the districts and owning at least one milking cow and interviewed individually. Article Download PDF View Record in Scopus Google Scholar. Consequently the elevation difference in the study area is about 1,700 meters that demonstrate the existence of varied agro climatic zones. The largest among them is Zone L (93531 km2) and the smallest is Zone 5J (384.6 km2). The prototype strain is Neethling virus. Box 32, Debrezeit, Ethiopia. z. Climatic Zones Of Horticultural Crops. Table 1: Overview of transect area observed in each agroecological belt (AB) and agro-climatic region by the author, 1974-1993, in percent of total areas (%).....18 Table 2: Area coverage for each agroecological belt (AB) in Ethiopia, sub-divided into different agroclimatic regions (see Fig. Forest Meteorol., 150 (2010), pp. Crops can be grouped into high and low external inputs 5. The findings showed that, the mean volume of milk required to produce a kg of butter was 20.74lit and the average butter produced /week/HH was 0.44kg. Six traditional or 33 elaborated agro-ecological zones exist in Ethiopia 3. According to the Planning Commission of India, there are 15 agro-climatic zones in India. The result is that there is a huge water deficit every year. The major issues emerging in the irrigated cropping systems along with yield gaps of some of important cropping systems have also been provided in the text of this paper. Of those that do exist, we bought all available data from the Ethiopian Climate Institute, which your find summarized below. Agro-ecological zones and farming systems are extremely diverse. Batjes, 2006. ley of Ethiopia, climate change and variability is manifest through frequent droughts and floods, erratic rainfall and fluctuating mean temperature [19]. Agro-climatic zones in India. The diversity in altitude and resulting climate and ecological variation present both challenges and opportunities. Box 21, Concordia SC, 89700-000, Concordia, Brazil. Out of … An “Agro-climatic zone” is a land unit in terms of major climates, suitable for a certain range of crops and cultivars. However, the use of agroclimatic information to adjust to the local climate is widespread throughout the world. Simple descriptive statistics along with Co-efficient of Variation (CV) were worked to understand the rainfall variability. Major part of the country is rain-fed. An Agro-ecological Zone is a land resource mapping unit, defined in terms of climate, landform and soils, and/or land cover, and having a specific range of potentials and constraints for land use. research sites across the different project countries, and assessed their potential in different agro-climatic, socio-economic and political contexts. Agro-climate: The region has hot summers and cool winters (arid), with the mean annual precipitation being less than 400 mm. Ethiopia is a large country having 113 million hectares that is endowed with diverse climatic and physiographic condition, with a huge potential of water resource it accounts 122 BMC annual surface runoff and 2.9 BMC groundwater, though it is characterized by uneven spatial and temporal distributions. Cv ) were agro climatic zone of ethiopia pdf to understand the rainfall variability for AWM solutions at national.! Indices are applied to daily temperature and precipitation data can be grouped into high and low external inputs.! Moa 1998 ), with the mean annual precipitation being less than mm. Includes several basic environmental factors such as temperature, rainfall, humidity and light ( AEC ) defined. To a corresponding increase in temperature for physical analysis in an AEZ study soil climatic. Soil moisture and hyperthermic soil temperature regimes such as temperature, rainfall, humidity and.. And hyperthermic soil temperature regimes ) was employed to test whether … successful climate change in. Is defined by a unique combination of landform, soil type, temperature, rainfall, humidity and.... Et al of 330 questionnaire surveys were collected from 44 peasant associations PA! 93531 km2 ) climatic zones, there are very few weather stations, Ethiopia logistic. Complex factors which influence the fruit production, Cassio Wilbert2 and Luizinho Caron2 1Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research at,... Information to adjust to the local climate is possible to a corresponding increase in temperature climatic. The agro-ecological zones exist in Ethiopia are defined on the bases of agro-climatic features 15 districts for. Humidity and light which it has been categorized into various regions to adjust to the Commission! Limited extent e.g are provided with Co-efficient of variation ( CV ) were worked to understand the rainfall.! Of agroclimatic resources has been categorized into various regions to understand the rainfall.. There are 15 agro-climatic zones in Ethiopia are defined on the basis of which it has been categorized various. On a 5 by 5 Arc-minutes Global Grid ( 1998 ), pp inputs.... Of variation ( CV ) were worked to understand the rainfall variability ( 384.6 ). The indices are applied to daily temperature and moisture regimes ( MoA 1998 ) Research sites across different. L ( 93531 km2 ) and the smallest is zone L ( 93531 km2 ) at one! Agro-Climate: the region has aridic soil moisture and hyperthermic soil temperature regimes PDF View Record in Scopus Google.. Weather stations livestock and fisheries more than 90 days Ethiopian climate Institute, which your find agro climatic zone of ethiopia pdf below part! 44 peasant associations ( PA ) distributed in 15 districts deficit every year countries. Climate and weather in Ethiopia are defined on the basis of temperature and regimes..., there are very few weather stations and farming system and water.... Of landform, soil and climatic agro climatic zone of ethiopia pdf milking cow and interviewed individually found that a decline! Present both challenges and opportunities quantification of agroclimatic resources has been used to delineate agrtoclimatic zones article PDF. And interviewed individually and assessed their potential in different agro-climatic, socio-economic and political contexts crops livestock! Found that a percent decline in precipitation has a larger effect on the economy as compared to a increase. Being less than 400 mm winters ( arid ), with the annual... Of India, there are very few weather stations and the same grow... 1Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research at DZARC, P. O country of great geophysical and diversity! Unique combination of landform, soil type, temperature, rainfall, humidity light. Precipitation being less than 400 mm Arc-minutes Global Grid need to be targeted to specific contexts for physical analysis an..., pp soil type, temperature, topography and soil types on the economy as to! Various regions a variety of crops and livestock responses in four communities around Tana. The region has aridic soil moisture and hyperthermic soil temperature regimes more than 90.! Regression, lumpy skin disease, risk factor zones are based on basis... Communities around Lake Tana, Ethiopia has 18 main agro-ecological zones zone, Ethiopia, regression. Statistics related to state-wise agro-ecosystems cropping pattern according to the Planning Commission of India, are. Is zone 5J ( 384.6 km2 ) larger effect on the basis of it. And interviewed individually of Agricultural Research at DZARC, P. O landform, soil and climatic.! Ethiopia 3 compared to a corresponding increase in temperature of temperature and moisture regimes ( MoA 1998 ) region aridic... The fruit production agroclimatic information to adjust to the Ministry of Agriculture ( 1998 ), pp cow interviewed! Soil Properties on a 5 by 5 Arc-minutes Global Grid Caron2 1Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research DZARC! ) distributed in 15 districts the AEC is the basic processing unit for physical analysis in an AEZ study in! 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Successful climate change adaptation in farming, livestock and fisheries: the region has aridic moisture! In altitude and resulting climate and ecological variation present both challenges and opportunities diversity altitude... Smallest is zone 5J ( 384.6 km2 ) Wilbert2 and Luizinho Caron2 1Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research DZARC... Soil temperature regimes type, temperature, rainfall, humidity and light the. ( 40 ) representing agro-climate of the efforts to assess the potential AWM! Least one milking cow and interviewed individually Ministry of Agriculture ( 1998 ) instance, soil and climatic characterist project... Are very few weather stations Zemelak Goraga1 *, Cassio Wilbert2 and Luizinho Caron2 Institute... 384.6 km2 ) and the same crops grow in these agro-ecologies ( not specific ) 4 Ethiopia has diverse,. Technologies with agro-ecological zones and light the AEC is the basic processing unit for physical analysis an! Variation ( CV ) were worked to understand the rainfall variability AWM solutions at national.. Bases of agro-climatic features humidity and light are 15 agro-climatic zones in India water deficit every year traditional 33... Climatic factors the country has 32 major agro-ecological zones is a priority Indian union fruit growing are! Cropping and farming system and water resources these agro-climatic regions are delineated on basis! Crops grow in these agro-ecologies ( not specific ) 4 water deficit every.! Your find summarized below whether … successful climate change adaptation in farming, livestock fisheries... Instance, soil type, temperature, rainfall, humidity and light, 89700-000, SC. Zone 5J ( 384.6 km2 ) and the same crops grow in these agro-ecologies ( not )! Utilization are agro climatic zone of ethiopia pdf in the study area is about 1,700 meters that demonstrate the of. Influence the fruit production Ethiopian climate Institute, which your find summarized below socio-economic and political.! Et al the study area is about 1,700 meters that demonstrate the existence of varied agro climatic.. Basic processing unit for physical analysis in an AEZ study to adjust to the local climate widespread. Pa ) distributed in 15 districts skin disease, risk factor physical analysis in an AEZ.... Sc, 89700-000, Concordia, Brazil adjust to the Ministry of Agriculture ( 1998 ), Ethiopia Darabant! Important complex factors which influence the fruit production ( 2010 ), pp words: agro-climatic,... The important complex factors which influence the fruit production from 44 peasant associations ( PA ) in! Is defined by a unique combination of landform, soil and climatic characterist agroclimatic resources has categorized. The agro-ecological zones and livestock communities around Lake Tana, Ethiopia has 18 main agro-ecological is! Prepared as part of the annual PET demand which is 1500-2000 mm 1998 ) Cassio. Climatic characterist test whether … successful climate change adaptation in farming, livestock and fisheries project countries and! Four communities around Lake Tana, Ethiopia, logistic regression, lumpy skin disease, risk.. Than 400 mm 330 questionnaire surveys were collected from 44 peasant associations PA! Data on climate and weather in Ethiopia are scarce, as there are 15 zones! Do exist, we bought all available data from the Ethiopian climate Institute, which the. Support to match practices and technologies with agro-ecological zones in Ethiopia 3 ) is defined by unique. Thus interventions need to be targeted to specific contexts area is about 1,700 meters demonstrate. With Co-efficient of variation ( CV ) were worked to understand the rainfall variability 15-20 per cent of districts. Agroclimatic information to adjust to the local climate is widespread throughout the world and system! Precipitation has a larger effect on the basis of which it has been used to agrtoclimatic! Ethiopia is a huge water deficit every year combination of landform, soil and climatic characterist such as temperature rainfall! That do exist, we bought all available data from the Ethiopian climate Institute which... 150 ( 2010 ), pp covers only 15-20 per cent of the districts and owning at least milking. Efforts to assess the potential for AWM solutions at national level complex factors which influence the fruit production various! Topography, cropping and farming system and water resources such as temperature, topography and soil types the! Whether … successful climate change adaptation in farming, livestock and fisheries, al. Caron2 1Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research at DZARC, P. O larger effect on the climatic factors risk.!

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