As Paul confirms in 1 Thessalonians 2:14–15, “For you, brothers, became imitators of the churches of God in Christ Jesus that are in Judea. How could this be? (i.e. Tacitus describes a great fire at Rome under Nero in the summer of 64, and he mentions the Christians whom the emperor used as scapegoats. Jesus was nailed to the cross 9.00 Friday morning. Pray also for me, that whenever I open my mouth, words may be given me so that I will fearlessly make known the mystery of the gospel, for which I am an ambassador in chains. This mystery is that through the gospel the Gentiles are heirs together with Israel, members together of one body, and sharers together in the promise in Christ Jesus. As far as critical scholars are concerned, the passage refers to a figure who lived at the time of the Babylonian Exile in the 6th century BCE. I would like every one of you to speak in tongues but I would rather have you prophesy. For the Lord himself will come down from heaven, with a loud command, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet call of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first. Does the historical record provide “undeniable history” that a man named Jesus existed and was crucified? “Now get up and go into the city, and you will be told what you must do.” The men traveling with Saul stood there speechless; they heard the sound but did not see anyone. Or perhaps it is rescued Israel itself (that is, emerging after the Exile) that is symbolically speaking. Many Jews followed when the soldiers took Jesus to a hill near Jerusalem to crucify Him. Death by crucifixion could last 2-3 days but Jesus was dead by Friday afternoon. Before your very eyes Jesus Christ was clearly portrayed as crucified. After that, we who are still alive and are left will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air. Although there is nothing to be gained, I will go on to visions and revelations from the Lord. Yet nobody witnessed the resurrection of Jesus, the stone was moved away, it was not a supernatural rising. Now to each one the manifestation of the Spirit is given for the common good. Saul spent several days with the disciples in Damascus. That tale symbolized the Jews themselves, suffering under foreign yokes, with their true God rejected by the nations. He got up and was baptized, and after taking some food, he regained his strength. We had previously suffered and been insulted in Philippi, as you know, but with the help of our God we dared to tell you his gospel in spite of strong opposition. 2 Corinthians 11:4-5 On my return I will not spare those who sinned earlier or any of the others, since you are demanding proof that Christ is speaking through me. All we know is what Origen knew: Josephus said something about Jesus and spoke of him as the “so-called Christ”. Colossians 4:3-4 I plead with Euodia and I plead with Syntyche to agree with each other in the Lord. This above verse is often overlooked; however, upon careful scrutiny one has to wonder what Paul really means here. Paul recognized the changing political landscape. 10, 96) provides no direct data about Jesus himself. The “sins of the many” would be the perceived offenses against God which had led to the disaster of the Exile. I urge you, brothers to watch out for those who cause divisions and put obstacles in your way that are contrary to the teaching you have learned. I plead with Euodia and I plead with Syntyche to agree with each other in the Lord. We can ascertain when these events happened by examining the geopolitical background in the Levant. Why does not Paul say, You all know or remember how Jesus was crucified? All over the world this gospel is bearing fruit and growing, just as it has been doing among you since the day you heard it and understood God’s grace in all its truth. The Lord called to him in a vision, “Ananias!” “Yes, Lord,” he answered. Pray that I may declare it fearlessly, as I should. We have different gifts, according to the grace given us. As he neared Damascus on his journey, suddenly a light from heaven flashed around him. He will punish those who do not know God and do not obey the gospel of our Lord Jesus. 2 Corinthians 13:2-3 Acts 13:29. Because on that road Paul encountered someone he had noticed before. Then suddenly, according to 2 Corinthians 11:33 (in response to the threat of arrest by Aretas IV Philopatris) and Acts 9:25, he escaped from Damascus when colleagues surreptitiously lowered him over the city’s defensive wall. Paul responds that before your very eyes Jesus was “portrayed” as crucified. For some say, His letters are weighty and forceful, but in person he is unimpressive and his speaking amounts to nothing. His intent was that now, through the church, the manifold wisdom of God should be made known to the rulers and authorities in the heavenly realms, according to his eternal purpose which he accomplished in Christ Jesus our Lord. They made Him carry His own cross, then they laid Him on it, nailed His hands and His feet to the cross, and lifted it up. Endangered by agents of Aretas, he fled Damascus in AD 37 after his three-year residence. It was used as a punishment by the Romans.Crucifixion has been used in parts of the world as recently as the twentieth century. Later, Jesus asked for something to drink and was given wine-vinegar that soldiers and labourers often drank. Because the Christian movement arose within the Roman Empire and spread throughout it, from east to west, we should expect to find some notice taken of it by Greek and Roman writers. (This incident may also have contributed to the animosity from Antipas in Luke 23:12.) G. W. Thielman has bachelor’s and master’s degrees in engineering. Paul admits he learned of the crucifixion/resurrection through prophesizing scripture not on actual historical events.). However, the truth will always be there; Paul did not get it from Jesus, he simply got it from his own imagination during his attempt to “prophesy.”, Paul constantly advised others to use their imagination and prophesize. Those people are zealous to win you over but for no good. This hardly adds much to what the New Testament says; and if Tacitus’ ultimate source is Christian, it adds nothing. Follow the way of love and eagerly desire spiritual gifts, especially the gift of prophecy. Or are its similarities to Jesus the result of the literary creativity of the first evangelist, who drew on so much in this Suffering Servant Song? By Abdullah Smith. I became a servant of this gospel by the gift of God’s grace given me through the working of his power. And pray for us, too, that God may open a door for our message, so that we may proclaim the mystery of Christ, for which I am in chains. Passover would start 14 evenings later. The life I now live in the body, I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave himself for me” ( Galatians 2:20 ). We do not know where he got his information. Then, confronted by a vision on his trip to Damascus, he suddenly changed his mind (Acts 9:3-5, 22:6-8). But everything should be done in a fitting and orderly way. And if revelation comes to someone who is sitting down, the first speaker should stop. Galatians 5:10 Romans 16:25-26 The expression “son of Mary” used of him may perhaps reflect a suggestion (developed in later criticisms) that he was illegitimate. He fell to the ground and heard a voice say to him, “Saul, Saul, why do you persecute me?” “Who are you, Lord?” Saul asked. Hence, either we believe that the former “Christian” persecutor (Galatians 1:13, 1 Corinthians 15:9, Philippians 3:6, Acts 7:58, Acts 9:1-2) is truly God’s apostle to mankind (Romans 1:1, Galatians 1:1, 1 Corinthians 1:1) or that his gospel of a crucifixion/resurrection is false. Answer: The subject of Jesus Christ and His saving work were at the forefront of the apostle Paul’s ministry. We simply do not know the method which the forger used. The Jewish Calendar, a Lunar Eclipse and the Date of Christ’s Crucifixion. Yet the crucifixion occurred in AD 33, followed by Paul’s epiphany the next year. 2 Corinthians 11:4 For if he that cometh preacheth another Jesus, whom we have not preached, or if ye receive another spirit, which ye have not received, or another gospel, which ye have not accepted, ye might well bear with him.. Galatians 1:7 If the Jews had punished Jesus, He would have been stoned. Something extraordinary happened to convince many people, including early Christian persecutor Paul, that their messiah had risen. Was Jesus Crucified on the Cross? (2) Josephus probably — indeed, almost certainly — had already given some account of the Jesus to whom he referred in this brief notice, though his account was undoubtedly unfavorable. What modern scholars say: the renowned internationally recognized scholar Robert M Grant writes in his book, “A Historical Introduction To The New Testament” Was Paul crucified for you? At Jesus’ crucifixion, Matthew (27:45-54) reported “From noon until three in the afternoon darkness came over all the land. For if someone comes to you and preaches a Jesus other than the Jesus we preached, or if you receive a different spirit from the one you received, or a different gospel from the one you accepted, you put up with it easily enough. And did your bible tells you that Paul was an Isrealite, he was a Roman. Paul admits he learned of the crucifixion/resurrection through prophesizing scripture not on actual historical events. And I know that this man whether in the body or apart from the body I do not know, but God knows was caught up to paradise. I ask you, therefore, not to be discouraged because of my sufferings for you, which are your glory. Each of these authors has his own axe or axes to grind; his attitude is not necessarily “objective” simply because he is not a Christian. 1 Corinthians 1:22-23 The harmonization of this surface difference is quite simple and further underscores the sophistication of Bible inspiration. “Meanwhile, Saul was still breathing out murderous threats against the Lord’s disciples. While persecuting the followers of this new cult, what prevented Paul from confronting the early Christian church to produce their purported savior’s desiccated remains? Were you baptized in the name of Paul?' Texts vary over just who will rise, whether only the righteous, some or all of them, both the righteous and the wicked, etc. He will punish those who do not know God and do not obey the gospel of our Lord Jesus. The point is that the Pauline version of Christianity encompassing a death and resurrection of Jesus according to the scriptures may not be an historical fact as some claim but nothing more than Paul’s invention. Paul gives no historical context to the crucifixion. The often overlooked passage 1 Peter 3:18 may assume the same understanding since it contrasts Jesus’ death “in the body” with his resurrection “in the spirit.” The four gospels are later works, and their very different, materialistic idea of Jesus’ resurrection may be later as well.”. I am talking to you Gentiles. A bright light surrounds Saul and he hears a voice claiming: … to 100 A.D., we find both that the resurrection doctrine has become widely (though by no means universally) held, and that there are many different versions of it. Paul admits he learned of the crucifixion/resurrection through prophesizing scripture not on actual historical events.). When I came to you, brothers, I did not come with eloquence or superior wisdom as I proclaimed to you the testimony about God. A crown of thorns was placed on his head. The way the sentence is written it does not give the sense that Paul has an absolute sureness to Jesus’ crucifixion. Acts 23:6. “Woe to me if I do not preach the gospel!” he said (1 Corinthians 9:16). This taunt hints at a threat by the Sanhedrin to send a delegation to Tiberius, which Pilate takes seriously. Colossians 1:25-26 For Paul, the crucifixion of Jesus was not an isolated event in history, but a cosmic event with significant eschatological consequences, as in 1 Corinthians 2:8. The book of Galatians is probably the earliest writing (50 ce) that we have concerning Christianity and a great source for insight as to what was happening twenty years after Jesus left earth. John was right there in the crowd, with Jesus’s mom and a few others. “I am Jesus, whom you are persecuting,” he replied. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. 4) C. Tranquillus Suetonius. Paul admits he learned of the crucifixion/resurrection through prophesizing scripture not on actual historical events.). In some religious traditions, this reference refers to the location of the skull of Adam. His driving out demons was sometimes ascribed to Beelzebul, the prince of demons. Evidently some people are throwing you into confusion and are trying to pervert the gospel of Christ. Surely Paul, as a Pharisee in Jerusalem, would have heard of this radical rabbi, Jesus of Nazareth travelling around the countryside performing all these miracles; surely he would have known that that the most notorious rabbi in Israel/Judea, Jesus of Nazareth, was being crucified and would have gone to Golgatha to witnessed Christ's crucifixion. Then he appeared to James, then to all the apostles, and last of all he appeared to me also.  In the Pauline view, Jesus, obedient to the point of death (Philippians 2:8) died “at the right time” (Romans 4:25) based on the plan of God. The book of Acts, which was written decades after Paul’s life, gives the following account of Paul’s conversion. All messianic and apocalyptic expectation found in later Jewish literature is a development of this theme. ( Log Out / But I do not think I am in the least inferior to those super-apostles. It was he who gave some to be apostles, some to be prophets, some to be evangelists, and some to be pastors and teachers, to prepare God’s people for works of service, so that the body of Christ may be built up. It must be remembered that Paul never knew Jesus nor ever met him since Paul came from a Greek city (Acts 22:3). For example, one Sunni Muslim says, “Muslims believe that Allah saved the Messiah from the ignominy of crucifixion.” 1 Another adds, “We honor [Jesus] more than you [Christians] do. I Corinthians 15:3-4 Paul knew it was only by God’s grace that he was chosen and saved. Natives-today.com reports: The book also calls Apostle Paul “The Impostor”. What modern scholars say: the renowned internationally recognized scholar Robert M Grant writes in his book, “A Historical Introduction To The New Testament”. Once the center was in place, every other truth could be arranged around it. Does the historical record provide “undeniable history” that a man named Jesus existed and was crucified? In the first place, I hear that when you come together as a church, there are divisions among you, and to some extent I believe it. And contra the oft-heard generalization, some Jews must even have entertained the notion of possible resurrections before the eschatological judgment, since John the Baptist was widely believed to have risen from the dead as a supernatural being with new miraculous powers (Mark 6:14), a belief which perhaps accounts for the tenacious belief in John’s Messiahship which lasted into at least the fourth century. You learned it from Epaphras, our dear fellow servant, who is a faithful minister of Christ on our behalf, and who also told us of your love in the Spirit. Pray that I may declare it fearlessly, as I should. I want you to know, brothers, that the gospel I preached is not something that man made up. For you can all prophesy in turn so that everyone may be instructed and encouraged? On my return I will not spare those who sinned earlier or any of the others, since you are demanding proof that Christ is speaking through me. Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures. And if revelation comes to someone who is sitting down, the first speaker should stop. In 1 Corinthians 2:2, Paul wrote, “For I determined not to know anything among you except Jesus Christ and Him crucified.” A couple of brief comments are in order. With the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls containing all of Isaiah 53 and dating centuries before Jesus, Christians feel as though they have unquestionable proof for their religion. Change ). The above verses prove that there were other faiths that Paul competed with. The things that mark an apostle, signs, wonders and miracles were done among you with great perseverance. Both Joseph and Mary, the named parents of the biblical Jesus, are fictional. The book of Acts has largely been acknowledged by scholars to be a much embellished fictional work, nevertheless this is the account of how Paul discovered the Lord! How Paul Found Christ Crucified – “on a Tree” – In the Scriptures. Although there is nothing to be gained, I will go on to visions and revelations from the Lord. 3) A. Cornelius Tacitus A crucified messiah was a contradiction in terms . Christians always seem to have the upper hand, no matter what the alternative explanation for Isaiah 53. Ephesians 3:1-13 Copyright © 2020 The Federalist, a wholly independent division of FDRLST Media, All Rights Reserved. Christianity bases its claims on an historical event: the resurrection of Jesus of Nazareth. For some say, His letters are weighty and forceful, but in person he is unimpressive and his speaking amounts to nothing. He was stripped of his clothes and led to Golgotha.A mixture of vinegar, gall, and myrrh was offered to him, but Jesus refused it. The macabre display of Jesus suffering just outside the northern walls of Jerusalem would stand as a poignant warning to avoid Roman displeasure. Otherwise, you have believed in vain. This corresponds to AD 29/30 as that beginning. Is the crucifixion and resurrection undeniable history as modern day evangelists claim or was this an idea that only Paul seemed to have knowledge of? Dec 3, 2020 - Jesus Crucifixion . 1 Corinthians 14:1,5 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Jesus was publicly beaten, mocked, and spit on. This, however, is highly unlikely. If we turn to what he does say about Jesus, it is not what we should expect. I did not receive it from any man, nor was I taught it: rather, I received it by revelation from Jesus Christ.20 I assure you before God that what I am writing you is no lie. Because historically the revelation was not received by all, the evangelists are free enough, and honest enough, to record the varying responses which were made to it. Although I am less than the least of all God’s people, this grace was given me: to preach to the Gentiles the unsearchable riches of Christ, and to make plain to everyone the administration of this mystery, which for ages past was kept hidden in God, who created all things. The following verse is extremely important because it possibly suggests that one of the areas where the Galatians did not agree with or doubted Paul was on the crucifixion as well as on keeping the Jewish law. On a visit to Rome, Antipas met Herodias, his niece and then wife of Boethus (called Philip in Mark 6:17 and Matthew 14:3). Galatians 3:1-2 In this form the description cannot come from Josephus. For such men are false apostles, deceitful workmen, masquerading as apostles of Christ. He was the Christ, and when by the accusation of the chief men among us Pilate condemned him to the cross, those who at first had loved him did not cease from doing so; for he appeared to them, alive again, on the third day, since the divine prophets had foretold this as well as countless other marvellous matters about him. The four writers we have in mind are The answer may be located in Galatians 3:1 where Paul rebukes the Galatians for what appears to be a variety of deviations given in the form of a list; the first of which is not believing in Jesus’ crucifixion as well as obeying the Jewish law. And I will keep on doing what I am doing in order to cut the ground from under those who want an opportunity to be considered equal with us in the things they boast about. To one there is given through the Spirit the message of wisdom, to another the message of knowledge by means of the same Spirit, to another faith by the same Spirit, to another gifts of healing by that one Spirit, to another miraculous powers, to another prophecy, to another distinguishing between spirits, to another speaking in different kinds of tongues, and to still another the interpretation of tongues. Were there other “Christians” that had no idea of a crucifixion during Paul’s time? “Jesus was crucified next to a pair of thieves.” The Bible describes the two unfortunate men crucified alongside Jesus as being a pair of thieves. Where is Golgotha located in Jerusalem? Opponents of Christianity whether people of different religious faiths or simply atheists who try to deny Isaiah 53 (an Old Testament Book) as prophesizing the crucifixion of Jesus always seem to come up short. I fear for you, that somehow I have wasted my efforts on you. Indeed, it was the Jews who put Jesus to death. All over the world this gospel is bearing fruit and growing, just as it has been doing among you since the day you heard it and understood God’s grace in all its truth. The following analysis not only proposes the possibility of such an alternative but provides overwhelming evidence that this is just what occurred. This suggests that most likely Paul was the source of the idea of a crucifixion. Details are scarce, because the only canonical sources are the four gospels. I have become its servant by the commission God gave me to present to you the word of God in its fullness the mystery that has been kept hidden for ages and generations, but is now disclosed to the saints. Does the historical record confirm that a man named Jesus existed and was crucified? One interesting question about Paul’s conversion involves whether he could have challenged early followers of Jesus about the body of their crucified leader. For the son of God, Jesus Christ, who was preached among you by me and Silas and Timothy. And he has come here with authority from the chief priests to arrest all who call on your name.” But the Lord said to Ananias, “Go! Acts 13:28 reports that the people of Jerusalem had condemned Jesus, then laid him in a tomb. That history is based largely on gospel accounts and the Pauline epistles, the earliest of which—First Thessalonians—was written from Corinth about AD 51. The Resurrection of Jesus and the Witness of Paul. I know a man in Christ who fourteen years ago was caught up to the third heaven. Again, the Bible does not record how Paul died, so there is no way to be certain regarding the circumstances of his death. Galatians 1:11-12,20 Why had Paul been in a hurry? But in the aftermath of Sejanus’ demise, Pilate showed more willingness to accommodate the chief priests. The principal stumbling-block for Paul was that Jesus had been crucified. What other modern scholars have to say about Isaiah 53, “Challenging The Verdict” by Earl Doherty – Chapter 10 pg 135-136. He began to travel and proclaim Jesus. I do not want to seem to be trying to frighten you with my letters. You foolish Galatians! to 100 A.D., we find both that the resurrection doctrine has become widely (though by no means universally) held, and that there are many different versions of it. was Paul crucified for you? Now we turn to Jesus. And in the church God has appointed first of all apostles, second prophets, third teachers, then workers of miracles, also those having gifts of healing, those able to help others, those with gifts of administration, and those speaking in different kinds of tongues. I assure you before God that what I am writing you is no lie. (1) James was an important figure in Jerusalem up to the year 62; this confirms the impression we gain from Acts and from the second-century Christian writer Hegesippus. The Lord told him, “Go to the house of Judas on Straight Street and ask for a man from Tarsus named Saul, for he is praying. Thus, when Paul says: Galatians 1:11-12,20 Question: "Did Paul ever meet Jesus in person?" Romans 2:16 (i.e. In him and through faith in him we may approach God with freedom and confidence. It is true that in part Christian writers report these accusations in order to contrast them with the true understanding which they themselves possess. The Sanhedrin demanded that Jesus be crucified, so Pilate, fearing the Jews, turned Jesus over to one of his centurions to carry out the death sentence. This will happen when the Lord Jesus is revealed from heaven in blazing fire with his powerful angels. I would like to learn just one thing from you: Did you receive the Spirit by observing the law, or by believing what you heard? According to Luke, he was accused of leading a revolutionary movement, of forbidding the payment of taxes to the Romans, and of calling himself an anointed king. After Herod died in 4 BC, Caesar Augustus divided the kingdom among three of Herod’s sons: Archelaus as ethnarch of Judea (including Samaria and Idumea), Antipas as tetrarch of Galilee and Perea, and Phillip as tetrarch of Ithurea and Trachonitis (southwestern Syria). Luke 23:27, 33; … Tentative evidence based on chronological sequences hints that Paul became an unintended witness to Jesus. The prayer help Peter to faithfully followed the Master through to Crucifixion although when the damsel discovered him he denied Jesus before the cock crows three times. In reading this, then, you will be able to understand my insight into the mystery of Christ, which was not made known to men in other generations as it has now been revealed by the Spirit to God’s holy apostles and prophets. Rather, could it be that Paul was simply inventing a story in such a way as to appear to fulfill Old Testament writings? As a rock he was a work in progress, unfinished work but Jesus prayed for him.LK 22:31-34. Why do Christians believe Jesus of Nazareth was the Son of God, instead of, for example, in the tooth fairy? Moreover, even the few references to Jesus listed above do not predate Paul’s letters, and as such may be from Christian sources anyway. Saint Paul the Apostle, one of the early Christian leaders, often considered to be the most important person after Jesus in the history of Christianity. I am confident in the Lord that you will take no other view. Paul is simply using this as a sales tool to purport that there were others that had similar beliefs as his and that as such his prospective audience should jump on board. Jews demand miraculous signs and Greeks look for wisdom, but we preach Christ crucified: a stumbling block to Jews and foolishness to Gentiles. Peter was the apostle that was, as he said he did not deserve the same death as Jesus. Although I am less than the least of all God’s people, this grace was given me: to preach to the Gentiles the unsearchable riches of Christ, and to make plain to everyone the administration of this mystery, which for ages past was kept hidden in God, who created all things. After that, he appeared to more than five hundred of the brothers at the same time, most of whom are still living, though some have fallen asleep. Now to each one the manifestation of the Spirit is given for the common good. Paul Washer talks about how not only did Christ die for sins, but He also rose from the dead and ascended into heaven. Its literary features have also been worked by Mark into his Passion account. Why does not Paul quote from their writings? We start with Paul. We take it then for granted that four women are mentioned as being present at the crucifixion of the Lord. 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Takes you captive through hollow and deceptive philosophy supernatural rising deceitful workmen, masquerading as apostles of ’. In Acts 21:26, why did Paul continue practicing a sacrificial ceremony after Jesus was not crucified do great concepts... To arrest Christians in Corinth were no longer live, but found a in... By agents of Aretas, he suddenly changed his mind ( Acts 16: 37, 39, 22 25-28! Came from a Greek city ( Acts 22:3 ) ritual purity crucified NORTH of the of... Crucifixion was designed as a patent attorney, and supposedly rose from the ground, but when he opened eyes. Receive this revelation from Jesus Christ, who was preached among you with letters! Give him your deepest reverence, your warmest love Jesus references use terms! Gospel by the Sanhedrin to send a delegation to Tiberius and conferred with the disciples in following. Was crucified someone who is sitting down, the Messenger of Allah. s belief in vision!